A metabolic disorder which comes as a result of your blood sugar or glucose levels being too high is called hyperglycemia. Glucose is used by the human body to produce energy, and it helps the pancreas create a hormone known as ‘insulin’. Insulin provides energy to the body by converting glucose from your food intake into energy.
If your body fails to produce sufficient insulin, it can’t produce even a bit of it. This results in your body becoming insulin-resistant, whichprevents glucose from reaching to your cells in the form of energy. This ultimately causes you to become diabetic.
Types of Diabetes
Diabetes is categorized into two types; type 1 and 2 respectively.
In diabetes type 1, the condition is usually diagnosed during early development years, i.e., childhood. This was initially also known as juvenile diabetes. This is an autoimmune condition that keeps the body from producing insulin as the immune system of the body attacks your pancreas’s insulin-producing cells, which are known as beta cells. Thus, artificial insulin is used to treat this type of diabetes.
On the other hand, a condition that keeps the body from utilizing glucose or blood sugar to produce sufficient energy is called type 2 diabetes. This type of diabetes occurs to people when the blood sugar levels surge too high and ultimately become unresponsive or resilient to insulin, resulting in what is known as insulin resistance. Progressing from diabetes requires different medicines, which the doctors prescribe depending on individual medical history and other factors.
Early Warning Signs of Diabetes
There are diabetes warning signs and symptoms that both women and men have in common, for example:
- Skin infections
- Increased thirst and hunger
- Frequent urination (from urinary tract infections or kidney problems)
- Hand and/or feet tingling or numbness
- Blurry vision
- Darkening of skin creases
- Weight gain or loss
- Slow-healing wounds
- Breath odor
Prediabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar levels are higher than the prescribed range but lower than the limit where one is termed as diabetic. Studies have revealed that 22% of residents in the United States are not aware of the fact that they are suffering from this condition, while 40% of people aged 18 and older are suffering from the same. While there is no reliable sign of prediabetes, it is typically associated with obesity or being overweight. Some other signs may include frequent need for urination and excessive thirst.
High blood glucose levels and prediabetes can result in numerous health risks including the risk of developing diabetes, heart problems and diseases, and several other medical issues.
Signs of Diabetes That Are Strictly Limited to Men
There are a few signs of diabetes that are strictly limited to the male body. These include:
- Retrograde ejaculation
- Decreased sex drive (decreased libido) and sexual dysfunction
- Erectile dysfunction (ED, impotence)
- Low testosterone (low-T)